How PubNub Takes Socket.IO to the Next Level

3 min read Michael Carroll on Sep 30, 2023

PubNub and Socket.IO are two separate technologies, independent yet connected. What do we mean by this?

Socket.IO is a framework with abstracted concepts that makes network communication more robust, allowing developers to open and maintain a socket connection for bidirectional network communication. It has some great real-time features and uses patterns to make it easy to use. One way to think about it:  Socket.IO is to networking as jQuery is to HTML/JavaScript.

On the other hand, PubNub is a globally distributed data stream network, enabling you to deliver data in 1/10 of a second or less to anywhere on Earth, securely and reliably.

How Are PubNub and Socket.IO Connected?

As we said earlier, Socket.IO is a framework that enables you to open and maintain a socket connection and stream data bi-directionally, and provides some pretty great and easy-to-use design patterns.

However, building a Socket.IO application requires you to host and maintain your cluster of servers. Building a Socket.IO application on top of PubNub removes the need to operate and run your server cluster.

Essentially, PubNub removes the need for a server backend. You can do some pretty cool real-time things with Socket.IO, but deploying and scaling your real-time backend become important considerations as your app user base grows. That’s where PubNub comes in.

Real-time Functionality

Socket.IO is great for establishing a connection and streaming real-time data. But in addition to data streaming, PubNub offers several other real-time “building blocks” that can be used to enhance your open socket connection.

  • Data Streaming: Publish and subscribe to real-time data streams in 1/10 of a second or less

  • Presence: Who’s there? Monitor and detect the connection state of users and devices

  • Message Persistence & Playback: Store, retrieve, and playback messages as they happened in realtime

  • Analytics: Visualize and monitor real-time traffic and usage

  • Cross Platform: Publish complex objects that get automatically encrypted, serialized, and delivered to the subscribers within 1/10 second, then automatically deserialized and decrypted (even across different programming languages and platforms).

  • Security and Access Management: PubNub adds AES data encryption and a full grant/revoke framework to ensure only authorized users can subscribe to real-time data streams.

Real-time Deployment and Scaling

Socket.IO, like other open source real-time libraries and frameworks, can provide a selection of these real-time features. However, scaling and deployment are where you may run into roadblocks. Will your app scale to thousands of users and devices all connected simultaneously?

PubNub can deliver real-time services on top of real-time protocols and frameworks like Socket.IO, WebSockets, and SignalR, while solving the costly and complex backend challenges for real-time functionality. Where Socket.IO deals with real-time data streaming, it requires you to configure and maintain your own backend. In several of my build vs buy discussions with PubNub customers, development teams began trying to build their realtime infrastructure but soon realized the daunting challenge of doing so.

Using PubNub and Socket.IO Together

The PubNub Socket.IO SDK is designed for people who started building their application with Socket.IO, but want to migrate to PubNub. There is no requirement to use Socket.IO library if you are starting with PubNub first.

Also, those familiar with Socket.IO API can easily port their existing Javascript-based Socket.IO code directly onto PubNub.

Socket.IO Get Started Quickly

Socket.IO allows you to emit and receive custom events. Reserved events are: connect, message, disconnect, reconnect, ping, join, and leave.

Sending and receiving events:

Whether you’re early in development or ready to deploy your real-time application, PubNub can be easily integrated to ensure scale, reliability, and security. Need help or have additional questions? Feel free to reach out to, and we’ll get back to you right away!