Files API for PubNub Swift Native SDK

Migration guide

The PubNub Swift 3.0 SDK contains many significant changes from the 2.x SDK, including breaking changes. Please refer to the PubNub Swift 3.0 Migration Guide for more details.

Allows users to upload and share files. You can upload any file of up to 5 MB in size. This feature is commonly used in social apps to share images, or in medical apps to share medical records for patients.

When a file is uploaded on a channel, it's stored and managed using a storage service, and associated with your key. Subscribers to that channel receive a file event which contains a file ID, filename, and optional description.

Send file

Description

Upload file / data to specified channel.

Method(s)

send(  _ content: FileUploadContent,  channel: String,  remoteFilename: String,  publishRequest: PublishFileRequest = PublishFileRequest(),  custom requestConfig: RequestConfiguration = RequestConfiguration(),  uploadTask: @escaping (HTTPFileUploadTask) -> Void,  completion: ((Result<(file: PubNubLocalFile, publishedAt: Timetoken), Error>) -> Void)? )
ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
contentFileUploadContentYesThe content to be uploaded.
channelStringYesThe channel the file should be uploaded to.
remoteFilenameStringYesnilThe name of the content when uploaded.
publishRequestPublishFileRequestOptionalPublishFileRequest()The request configuration object when the file is published to PubNub.
customRequestConfigurationOptionalRequestConfigurationCustom configuration overrides when generating the File Upload URLRequest
uploadTask(HTTPFileUploadTask) -> VoidOptional{ _ in }The file upload task executing the upload; contains a reference to the actual URLSessionUploadTask.
completion((Result<(task: HTTPFileUploadTask, file: PubNubFile, publishedAt: Timetoken), Error>) -> Void)?OptionalThe async Resultof the method call.

Details

enum FileUploadContent: CustomStringConvertible, CustomDebugStringConvertible
/// A URL to an existing file
case file(url: URL)

/// The raw content of a file and the content type that best describes it
case data(_ data: Data, contentType: String?)

/// A stream of data, the content type of that stream, and the total length of the stream in bytes
case stream(_ stream: InputStream, contentType: String?, contentLength: Int)

struct PublishFileRequest
/// The optional message that will be include alongside the File information
public var additionalMessage: JSONCodable? = nil

/// If true the published message is stored in history.
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Basic Usage

let fileURL = URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/example.png")

pubnub.send(
.file(url: fileURL),
channel: "my_channel",
remoteFilename: fileURL.lastPathComponent
) { (fileTask: HTTPFileUploadTask) in

print("The task \(fileTask.task.taskIdentifier) has started uploading; no need to call `resume()`")
print("If needed, the `URLSessionUploadTask` can be accessed with `fileTask.urlSessionTask`")
print("You can use `fileTask.progress` to populate a `UIProgressView`/`ProgressView` ")

} completion: { result in
switch result {
case let .success((newFile, publishedAt)):
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Returns

The uploadTask handler will respond with an instance of HTTPFileUploadTask.

class HTTPFileUploadTask

/// The underlying URLSessionTask that is being processed
var urlSessionTask: URLSessionTask { get }

/// A representation of the overall task progress
var progress: Progress { get }

/// The background identifier of the URLSession that is processing this task
var sessionIdentifier: String? { get }

// An error object that indicates why the task failed
var error: Error? { get }

// The server's response to the currently active request
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The completion handler will respond with a Result.

Success

A Tuple containing the HTTPFileUploadTaskthat completed, the PubNubFile or PubNubLocalFile that was uploaded, and the Timetoken when it was published.

protocol PubNubLocalFile

/// The local URL of the file
var fileURL: URL { get set }

/// If the local filenames change this can be used to track the remote filename
var remoteFilename: String { get }

/// The channel the file is associated with
var channel: String { get }

/// PubNub-generated ID for a file
var fileId: String { get }

/// User defined name for a file
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Failure

An Error describing the failure.

List channel files

Description

Retrieve list of files uploaded to Channel.

Method(s)

func listFiles(     channel: String,     limit: UInt = 100,     next: String? = nil,     custom requestConfig: RequestConfiguration = RequestConfiguration(),     completion: ((Result<(files: [PubNubFile], next: String?), Error>) -> Void)? )
ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
channelStringYesChannel to get list of files.
limitUIntOptional100Number of files to return. Minimum value is 1, and maximum is 100.
nextString?OptionalnilPreviously-returned cursor bookmark for fetching the next page.
customRequestConfigurationOptionalRequestConfiguration()Custom configuration overrides when generating the File Upload URLRequest
completion((Result<(files: [PubNubFile], next: String?), Error>) -> Void)?OptionalThe async Result of the method call

Basic Usage

pubnub.listFiles(
channel: "my_channel"
) { result in
case let .success(response):
print("There are \(response.files.count) file(s) found")

if let nextPage = response.next {
print("The next page used for pagination: \(nextPage)")
}
case let .failure(error):
print("An error occurred while fetching the file list: \(error.localizedDescription)")
}

Returns

The completion handler will respond with a Result.

Success

A Tuple list of PubNubFile objects, and the next page identifier (if one exists).

protocol PubNubFile

/// The channel the file is associated with
var channel: String { get }

/// PubNub-generated ID for a file
var fileId: String { get }

/// User defined name for a file
var filename: String { get }

/// Size, in bytes, of the stored file
var size: Int64 { get }

/// The MIME Type of the file
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Failure

An Error describing the failure.

Get File Url

Description

Generate URL which can be used to download file from target Channel.

Method(s)

func generateFileDownloadURL(   channel: String,   fileId: String,   filename: String ) throws -> URL
ParameterTypeRequiredDescription
channelStringYesName of channel to which the file has been uploaded.
fileIDStringYesUnique file identifier which has been assigned during file upload
filenameStringYesName under which the uploaded file is stored.

Basic Usage

do {
let downloadURL = try pubnub.generateFileDownloadURL(channel: file.channel, fileId: file.fileId, filename: file.filename)
} catch {
print("The error the occurred generating the URL \(error.localizedDescription)")
}

Returns

The URL where the file can be downloaded.

Download file

Description

Download file from specified Channel.

Method(s)

func download(   file: PubNubFile,   toFileURL localFileURL: URL,   resumeData: Data? = nil,   downloadTask: @escaping (HTTPFileDownloadTask) -> Void,   completion: ((Result<(task: HTTPFileDownloadTask, file: PubNubLocalFile), Error>) -> Void)? )
ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
filePubNubFileYesThe file that should be downloaded.
toFileURLURLYesThe file URL where the file should be downloaded to. This is NOT the URL returned from generateFileDownloadURL
resumeDataData?OptionalnilA data object that provides the data necessary to resume a download.
downloadTask(HTTPFileDownloadTask) -> VoidOptional{ _ in }The file upload task executing the upload; contains a reference to the actual URLSessionUploadTask
completion((Result<(task: HTTPFileDownloadTask, file: PubNubLocalFile), Error>) -> Void)?OptionalThe async Result of the method call.

Basic Usage

let requestFile = PubNubLocalFileBase(
fileURL: URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/example.png"),
channel: "my_channel",
fileId: "fileId-from-PubNub",
remoteFilename: "filename-from-PubNub"
)

pubnub.download(
file: requestFile, toFileURL: requestFile.fileURL
) { (fileTask: HTTPFileDownloadTask) in

print("The task \(fileTask.taskIdentifier) has started downloading; no need to call `resume()`")
print("If needed, the `URLSessionUploadTask` can be accessed with `fileTask.urlSessionTask`")
print("You can use `fileTask.progress` to populate a `UIProgressView`/`ProgressView` ")

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Resume Download

Downloads can be paused and resumed at a later time under certain conditions. See Pausing and Resuming Downloads and cancel(byProducingResumeData:)

If you were given resumeData you can use the following example to try and resume your download; otherwise you can restart a new download.

let resumeData = /* See above documentation on ways you can obtain this data */

let requestFile = PubNubLocalFileBase(
fileURL: URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/example.png"),
channel: "my_channel",
fileId: "fileId-from-PubNub",
remoteFilename: "filename-from-PubNub"
)

pubnub.download(
file: requestFile,
toFileURL: requestFile.fileURL,
resumeData: resumeData
) { (fileTask: HTTPFileDownloadTask) in

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Custom URLSession

By default, the PubNub instance will use a background configured URLSession. This will allow the download to continue while the application is not in the foreground. For more information, see Apple's documentation on Downloading Files in the Background

// Explicitly invalidate any existing tasks to avoid memory leaks when overwriting
pubnub.fileURLSession.invalidateAndCancel()

// Create and make any changes to the default configuration
// Use `URLSessionConfiguration.background(withIdentifier:)`` to create a default background configuration
let configuration = URLSessionConfiguration()

// Create the URLSession using the FileSessionManager as the delegate
pubnub.fileURLSession = URLSession(configuration: configuration, delegate: FileSessionManager(), delegateQueue: nil)

let requestFile = PubNubLocalFileBase(
fileURL: URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/example.png"),
channel: "my_channel",
fileId: "fileId-from-PubNub",
remoteFilename: "filename-from-PubNub"
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Returns

The downloadTask handler will respond with an instance of HTTPFileUploadTask:

class HTTPFileDownloadTask

/// The underlying URLSessionTask that is being processed
var urlSessionTask: URLSessionTask { get }

/// A representation of the overall task progress
var progress: Progress { get }

/// The background identifier of the URLSession that is processing this task
var sessionIdentifier: String? { get }

/// An error object that indicates why the task failed
var error: Error? { get }

/// The server's response to the currently active request
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The completion handler will respond with an instance of Result.

Success A Tuple containing the HTTPFileUploadTaskthat completed and the PubNubLocalFile that was downloaded. The fileURL of this object might be different from the toFileURL in the request if a file already exists at that location.

protocol PubNubLocalFile

/// The local URL of the file
var fileURL: URL { get set }

/// If the local filename changes this can be used to track the remote filename
var remoteFilename: String { get }

/// The channel the file is associated with
var channel: String { get }

/// PubNub-generated ID for a file
var fileId: String { get }

/// User defined name for a file
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Failure An Error describing the failure.

Delete file

Description

Delete file from specified Channel.

Method(s)

func remove(  fileId: String,  filename: String,  channel: String,  custom requestConfig: RequestConfiguration = RequestConfiguration(),  completion: ((Result<(channel: String, fileId: String), Error>) -> Void)? )
ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
fileIdStringYesUnique file identifier which has been assigned during file upload
filenameStringYesName under which the uploaded file is stored.
channelStringYesChannel the file was sent to.
customRequestConfigurationOptionalRequestConfiguration()Custom configuration overrides when generating the File Upload URLRequest
completion((Result<(channel: String, fileId: String), Error>) -> Void)?OptionalThe async Result of the method call.

Basic Usage

self.pubnub.remove(fileId: "id-of-a-file", filename: "example.png", channel: "my_channel") { result in
case let .success(response):
print("The file whose ID is \(response.fileId) was removed from \(response.channel)")
case let .failure(error):
print("An error occurred while removing the file: \(error.localizedDescription)")
}

Returns

The completion handler will respond with an instance of Result.

Success

A Tuple containing the channelthat completed and the fileId of the removed file.

Failure

An Error describing the failure.

Publish file message

Description

Publish file message from specified Channel.

Method(s)

func publish(  file: PubNubFile,  request: PublishFileRequest,  completion: ((Result<Timetoken, Error>) -> Void)? )
ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
filePubNubFileYesThe PubNubFile representing the uploaded file.
publishRequestPublishFileRequestOptionalPublishFileRequest()The request configuration object when the file is published to PubNub.
completion((Result<(file: PubNubLocalFile, publishedAt: Timetoken), Error>) -> Void)?OptionalThe async Result of the method call.

PublishFileRequest

ParameterTypeRequiredDefaultDescription
additionalMessageJSONCodable?YesnilThe optional message to include alongside the File information
storeBool?OptionalnilIf true the published message is stored in history.
ttlInt?OptionalnilSet a per message time to live in storage.
metaJSONCodable?OptionalnilAdditional metadata to publish alongside the file.
customRequestConfigRequestConfigurationOptionalRequestConfiguration?Custom configuration overrides for this request.

Basic Usage

let file = PubNubLocalFileBase(
fileURL: URL(fileURLWithPath: "path/to/example.png"),
channel: "my_channel",
fileId: "fileId-from-PubNub"
)

pubnub.publish(
file: file,
request: publishRequest
) { result in
switch result {
case let .success(timetoken):
print("File Successfully Published at: \(timetoken)")
case let .failure(error):
print("Error publishing file: \(error.localizedDescription)")
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Returns

The completion handler will respond with an instance of Result.

Success

A Timetoken of the published message.

Failure

An Error describing the failure.

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